Different types of vitamins

The name vitamin appears for the first time in 1912 when the American of Polish origin biochemist Casimir Funk isolated from rice husks containing amine group substance. This was vitamin B1, which he used to cure the disease beriberi. Vitamins are low molecular weight organic substances required in minimum quantities for normal vital activity of humans and animals. Today there are about 30 known vitamins and they influence on growth, metabolism, immune functions, nervous and endocrine system, blood formation, blood coagulation and others. The needs for vitamins are higher during pregnancy, lactation, intense physical and mental work, infectious diseases and others. Shortage or lack of them leads to diseases – hypo vitaminosis and avitaminosis, excessive intake of vitamin A and D to – hyper vitaminosis. Many of the vitamins are used as medicines and are produced by chemical and microbiological synthesis.


Some of the most important vitamins for our body are:


- Vitamin A

- Vitamin B1

- Vitamin B2

- Vitamin B3

- Vitamin B5

- Vitamin B6

- Vitamin B9

- Vitamin B12

- Vitamin C

- Vitamin D

- Vitamin E

- Vitamin K


These vitamins are recommended to be taken very often and some of them in combination with others every day.


The idea however that all vitamins are used for the strength of our body and of our immunity is not completely right.

There are many different vitamins so they can be divided into two groups:


- Fat-soluble vitamins

- Water-soluble vitamins


As fat-soluble vitamins can be attributed vitamins A, D, E and K and the water-soluble vitamins are the B and C.


So what can you use these vitamins for except for the needs of your body? They can be used for the hair, nails, for pregnant women, eyes, skin, diabetics and animals too.


For example for your hair, you could use the following vitamins – B2, B3, B5, B6, B9, B12, A, C, E and beta-carotene. The lack of those vitamins and proper nutrition will lead to brittle and bloomy hair and its color will lose its shine.


Vitamins, which help the eyes are – A, B2, C and E. These vitamins will keep the normal functionality of your eyes and will keep them healthy.


If you want to have strong nails you will need these vitamins – A, B, C, D along with zinc, calcium, iron and iodine. If you do not take them your nails will become weak and they will easily break, loose their color and shine and will become dry.


And as for the pregnant women, vitamins are very important for the women and for their baby (interesting to know is that the Danish term is Gravid helbred). The vitamins needed for pregnant women are – A, B1, B2, B3, B6, B9, B12, E and zinc.


When talking about vitamins you should be careful not to overdose your daily intake because there could be serious problems. If you want to find out about your personal vitamin intake, you should seek the opinion of a specialist.